Thermal runaways are the
cause of many incidents in the process chemical industry. Some of them produced major
accidents (e.g. Seveso).
Theory and good engineering practice are well established for
huge-continuous plants ... but the biggest number of commercially available chemicals are
obtained in small-multipurpose-batch chemical facillities. A wide spectrum of processes
and equipments make the hazard assessment of processes to produce fine and specialty
chemicals a discipline that is too hard for most small and medium producers.
However, prevention of runaways and their consequences has the highest
priority for the chemical industry.